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      Upscaling Agroecology: A Marxist Political Economy Approach to the “Feed the World” Debate

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            Abstract

            Since the outbreak of the 2007–2008 global food crisis, the two models of industrial agriculture and agroecology have been involved in a heated debate about how to feed the world. Despite their sharp differences on the choice of agricultural technology and preferred policy priorities, both sides exhibit a narrow understanding of the relationship between technology and social institution. A Marxist political economy approach, based on the insights of classic Marxist theorists into agricultural technologies in alternative institutional contexts, is developed to look beyond the two sides of the debate. Upon careful examination of agroecology as an ecological sublation of industrial agriculture and of conscious social control of production as an institutional sublation of capitalism, this article concludes that socialism is more suitable than small peasant economy for achieving the twin goals of fully scaling up agroecology and promoting socioeconomic equality for small peasants.

            Content

            Author and article information

            Journal
            10.13169
            worlrevipoliecon
            World Review of Political Economy
            Pluto Journals
            2042891X
            20428928
            Summer 2018
            : 9
            : 2
            : 188-210
            Article
            worlrevipoliecon.9.2.0188
            10.13169/worlrevipoliecon.9.2.0188
            87dbdba7-ef84-4fbb-91c7-f82f82ff724c
            © 2018 World Association for Political Economy

            All content is freely available without charge to users or their institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal without asking prior permission of the publisher or the author. Articles published in the journal are distributed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

            History
            Categories
            Articles

            Political economics
            small peasant economy,agroecology,socialism,Marxist political economy,industrial agriculture

            References

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