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      Evidence for the presence of functional thyrotropin receptor in cardiac muscle.

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          Abstract

          There is increasing evidence that the membrane-bound thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) may be mediating clinically important direct effects of thyrotropin (TSH) and of TSHR antibodies (TSHRab) in extra-thyroidal tissues. TSHR mRNA has formerly been detected in thyroid, retroorbital muscle and fibroblasts, peripheral lymphocytes and rodent fat. It is well known that thyroid disease may aggravate or induce heart disease, but the pathophysiological role of TSH and TSHRab is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate if TSHR is present in cardiac muscle. Reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reactions revealed TSHR in human heart and Northern blot on extracted RNA showed a RNA species of 4.4 kb. TSH stimulation of cultured mouse AT-1 cardiomyocytes elevated the levels of intracellular second messenger 3',5'-cyclic AMP. This effect of TSH could be inhibited by TSHR antibodies. In solution hybridization levels of TSHR mRNA in AT-1 cells were 50% of mRNA in crude mouse heart. In conclusion functional TSHR is present in cardiomyocytes.

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          Author and article information

          Journal
          Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
          Biochemical and biophysical research communications
          Elsevier BV
          0006-291X
          0006-291X
          Jun 15 1995
          : 211
          : 2
          Affiliations
          [1 ] Karolinska Institute, Dept of Medicine, Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden.
          Article
          S0006-291X(85)71831-1
          10.1006/bbrc.1995.1831
          7794253
          0163b3f9-2b57-40b9-9807-6d653c0588cc
          History

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