Maria Grazia Biferi 1 , Mathilde Cohen-Tannoudji 1 , Andrea García-Silva 2 , Olga Souto-Rodríguez 2 , Irene Viéitez-González 2 , Beatriz San-Millán-Tejado 2 , Andrea Fernández-Carrera 2 , Tania Pérez-Márquez 2 , Susana Teijeira-Bautista 2 , Soraya Barrera 2 , Vanesa Domínguez 3 , 4 , 5 , Thibaut Marais 1 , África González-Fernández 4 , 5 , Martine Barkats 1 , Saida Ortolano 2 , ∗
22 October 2020
Fabry disease is a rare X-linked disorder affecting α-galactosidase A, a rate-limiting enzyme in lysosomal catabolism of glycosphingolipids. Current treatments present important limitations, such as low half-life and limited distribution, which gene therapy can overcome. The aim of this work was to test a novel adeno-associated viral vector, serotype 9 (AAV9), ubiquitously expressing human α-galactosidase A to treat Fabry disease (scAAV9-PGK-GLA). The vector was preliminary tested in newborns of a Fabry disease mouse model. 5 months after treatment, α-galactosidase A activity was detectable in the analyzed tissues, including the central nervous system. Moreover, we tested the vector in adult animals of both sexes at two doses and disease stages (presymptomatic and symptomatic) by single intravenous injection. We found that the exogenous α-galactosidase A was active in peripheral tissues as well as the central nervous system and prevented glycosphingolipid accumulation in treated animals up to 5 months following injection. Antibodies against α-galactosidase A were produced in 9 out of 32 treated animals, although enzyme activity in tissues was not significantly affected. These results demonstrate that scAAV9-PGK-GLA can drive widespread and sustained expression of α-galactosidase A, cross the blood brain barrier after systemic delivery, and reduce pathological signs of the Fabry disease mouse model.
This study focuses on the development of a novel gene therapy vector for Fabry disease (FD). The approach is based on the systemic delivery of an AAV9, which crosses the blood brain barrier and drives sustained expression of α-galactosidase A, reducing pathological signs in multiple organs of a FD mouse model, including the central nervous system.