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      Molecular cloning of a functional thrombin receptor reveals a novel proteolytic mechanism of receptor activation

      , , ,
      Cell
      Elsevier BV

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          Abstract

          We isolated a cDNA encoding a functional human thrombin receptor by direct expression cloning in Xenopus oocytes. mRNA encoding this receptor was detected in human platelets and vascular endothelial cells. The deduced amino acid sequence revealed a new member of the seven transmembrane domain receptor family with a large amino-terminal extracellular extension containing a remarkable feature. A putative thrombin cleavage site (LDPR/S) resembling the activation cleavage site in the zymogen protein C (LDPR/I) was noted 41 amino acids carboxyl to the receptor's start methionine. A peptide mimicking the new amino terminus created by cleavage at R41 was a potent agonist for both thrombin receptor activation and platelet activation. "Uncleavable" mutant thrombin receptors failed to respond to thrombin but were responsive to the new amino-terminal peptide. These data reveal a novel signaling mechanism in which thrombin cleaves its receptor's amino-terminal extension to create a new receptor amino terminus that functions as a tethered ligand and activates the receptor.

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          Most cited references30

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          Primer-directed enzymatic amplification of DNA with a thermostable DNA polymerase.

          A thermostable DNA polymerase was used in an in vitro DNA amplification procedure, the polymerase chain reaction. The enzyme, isolated from Thermus aquaticus, greatly simplifies the procedure and, by enabling the amplification reaction to be performed at higher temperatures, significantly improves the specificity, yield, sensitivity, and length of products that can be amplified. Single-copy genomic sequences were amplified by a factor of more than 10 million with very high specificity, and DNA segments up to 2000 base pairs were readily amplified. In addition, the method was used to amplify and detect a target DNA molecule present only once in a sample of 10(5) cells.
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            [19] Rapid and efficient site-specific mutagenesis without phenotypic selection

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              A simple and very efficient method for generating cDNA libraries.

              A simple method for generating cDNA libraries from submicrogram quantities of mRNA is described. It combines classical first-strand synthesis with the novel RNase H-DNA polymerase I-mediated second-strand synthesis [Okayama, H., and Berg, P., Mol. Cell. Biol. 2 (1982) 161-170]. Neither the elaborate vector-primer system nor the classical hairpin loop cleavage by S1 nuclease are used. cDNA thus made can be tailed and cloned without further purification or sizing. Cloning efficiencies can be as high as 10(6) recombinants generated per microgram mRNA, a considerable improvement over earlier methods. Using the fully sequenced 1300 nucleotide-long bovine preproenkephalin mRNA, we have established by sequencing that the method yields faithful full-length transcripts. This procedure considerably simplifies the establishment of cDNA libraries and thus the cloning of low-abundance mRNAs.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Cell
                Cell
                Elsevier BV
                00928674
                March 1991
                March 1991
                : 64
                : 6
                : 1057-1068
                Article
                10.1016/0092-8674(91)90261-V
                1672265
                5808b4cf-762c-465c-999f-d3bc693f1ee3
                © 1991

                https://www.elsevier.com/tdm/userlicense/1.0/

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