8
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: found
      Is Open Access

      Sulphate-reducing bacteria-mediated pyrite formation in the Dachang Tongkeng tin polymetallic deposit, Guangxi, China

      research-article

      Read this article at

      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          Mediation by sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) is responsible for pyrite (FeS 2) formation. The origin of the Dachang tin polymetallic ore field is related to the mineralisation of submarine hydrothermal vent sediments. Here, we investigated SRB in these ores via morphological, chemical, and isotopic analyses. Polarised and scanning electron microscopy indicated that trace SRB fossils in the metal sulphide ore were present in the form of tubular, beaded, and coccoidal bodies comprising FeS 2 and were enclosed within a pyrrhotite (FeS) matrix in the vicinity of micro-hydrothermal vents. The carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and oxygen (O) contents in the FeS 2 synthesised by SRB were high, and a clear biological Raman signal was detected. No such signals were discerned in the peripheral FeS. This co-occurrence of FeS, FeS 2, and the remains of bacteria (probably chemoautotrophic bacteria) was interpreted as the coprecipitation process of SRB-mediated FeS 2 formation, which has, to the best of our knowledge, not been reported before. Our study also illustrates that combined energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and isotopic analysis can be used as a novel methodology to document microbial-mediated processes of mineral deposition in submarine hydrothermal vent ecology on geological time scales.

          Related collections

          Most cited references80

          • Record: found
          • Abstract: found
          • Article: not found

          Hydrothermal vents and the origin of life.

          Submarine hydrothermal vents are geochemically reactive habitats that harbour rich microbial communities. There are striking parallels between the chemistry of the H(2)-CO(2) redox couple that is present in hydrothermal systems and the core energy metabolic reactions of some modern prokaryotic autotrophs. The biochemistry of these autotrophs might, in turn, harbour clues about the kinds of reactions that initiated the chemistry of life. Hydrothermal vents thus unite microbiology and geology to breathe new life into research into one of biology's most important questions - what is the origin of life?
            Bookmark
            • Record: found
            • Abstract: found
            • Article: not found

            A serpentinite-hosted ecosystem: the Lost City hydrothermal field.

            The serpentinite-hosted Lost City hydrothermal field is a remarkable submarine ecosystem in which geological, chemical, and biological processes are intimately interlinked. Reactions between seawater and upper mantle peridotite produce methane- and hydrogen-rich fluids, with temperatures ranging from <40 degrees to 90 degrees C at pH 9 to 11, and carbonate chimneys 30 to 60 meters tall. A low diversity of microorganisms related to methane-cycling Archaea thrive in the warm porous interiors of the edifices. Macrofaunal communities show a degree of species diversity at least as high as that of black smoker vent sites along the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, but they lack the high biomasses of chemosynthetic organisms that are typical of volcanically driven systems.
              Bookmark
              • Record: found
              • Abstract: not found
              • Article: not found

              Sedimentary pyrite formation

              R. Berner (1970)
                Bookmark

                Author and article information

                Contributors
                leixt@mail.ynu.edu.cn
                Journal
                Sci Rep
                Sci Rep
                Scientific Reports
                Nature Publishing Group UK (London )
                2045-2322
                19 July 2023
                19 July 2023
                2023
                : 13
                : 11650
                Affiliations
                [1 ]GRID grid.218292.2, ISNI 0000 0000 8571 108X, Department of Earth Sciences, , Kunming University of Science and Technology, ; Kunming, 650093 Yunnan China
                [2 ]GRID grid.440773.3, ISNI 0000 0000 9342 2456, Yunnan Key Laboratory for Paleobiology & MEC International Joint Laboratory for Paleobiology and Paleoenvironment, Institute of Paleontology, , Yunnan University, ; Kunming, 650500 China
                [3 ]Guangxi 215 Geological Team Co., Ltd., Liuzhou, 545006 Guangxi China
                [4 ]Guangxi China-Tin Group Tongkeng Co., Ltd., Nandan, 547205 Guangxi China
                Article
                38827
                10.1038/s41598-023-38827-x
                10356812
                37468706
                6df8074b-1f84-41ae-8beb-9008f1258f04
                © The Author(s) 2023

                Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

                History
                : 13 November 2022
                : 15 July 2023
                Funding
                Funded by: FundRef http://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100001809, National Natural Science Foundation of China;
                Award ID: 41762008
                Award ID: 42072019
                Award Recipient :
                Funded by: Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences
                Award ID: XDB26000000
                Award Recipient :
                Categories
                Article
                Custom metadata
                © Springer Nature Limited 2023

                Uncategorized
                geochemistry,mineralogy,marine microbiology
                Uncategorized
                geochemistry, mineralogy, marine microbiology

                Comments

                Comment on this article