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      Comparative Nephritogenicity of Two Monoclonal Antibodies That Recognize Different Epitopes ofRat Thy-1.1 Molecule

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          The pathophysiological role of the Thy-1.1 molecule expressed on rat mesangial cells with regard to mesangial cell dysfunction and injury remains unknown. The mechanism of Thy-1.1-associated injury has now been investigated with two monoclonal antibodies, 1-22-3 and OX7, that recognize different epitopes of Thy-1.1. Mesangiolysis and mesangial cell proliferation were more marked in rats injected with 1-22-3 than in those treated with OX7. Immunostaining for rat complement component C3 and also C9 was similar in the kidneys of rats 1 h after injection of either antibody. Alpha smooth muscle actin was first detected 3 days after injection of 1-22-3 and peaked on day 5; type I collagen staining showed a mesangial pattern on days 5 and 10. The staining for alpha smooth muscle actin and type I collagen was less intense in OX7-treated rats than in the 1-22-3-injected rats. The amounts of mRNAs encoding collagen types I and III peaked 5 days after injection of 1-22-3 and 10 days after injection of OX7. Rats injected with 1-22-3 developed proteinuria that was already marked on day 1 and peaked at 150 mg/day on day 3, whereas OX7 induced a low grade of proteinuria with large interindividual variability on day 3. Immunostaining for rat C3 in the normal rat kidneys, incubated in vitro with 1-22-3 or OX7 followed by incubation with normal rat fresh serum as a complement source, as well as the levels of serum complement activity, CH50, 30 min after injection of 1-22-3 or OX7 were similar, suggesting that the difference in the nephritogenicity of these two antibodies is not attributable to a difference in their complement-fixing activities, but rather may result from the difference in epitope specificities. The epitope recognized by 1-22-3 thus appears to be important in the initiation and progression of antibody-induced nephritis.

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          Most cited references 4

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          Single-step method of RNA isolation by acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform extraction.

          A new method of total RNA isolation by a single extraction with an acid guanidinium thiocyanate-phenol-chloroform mixture is described. The method provides a pure preparation of undegraded RNA in high yield and can be completed within 4 h. It is particularly useful for processing large numbers of samples and for isolation of RNA from minute quantities of cells or tissue samples.
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            Suppression of experimental glomerulonephritis by antiserum against transforming growth factor beta 1.

            Glomerulonephritis is an inflammation of the kidney characterized by the accumulation of extracellular matrix within the damaged glomeruli, impaired filtration and proteinuria. In its progressive form, the disease destroys kidney function leading to uraemia and death, unless dialysis therapy or kidney transplantation is available. The pathogenesis of glomerulonephritis is incompletely understood, but the eliciting factor is thought often to be an immunological injury to mesangial and/or other resident cells in the glomeruli. We have used an animal model of acute mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis to show that this disease is associated with increased production and activity of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta 1), an inducer of extracellular matrix production. Here we report that administration of anti-TGF-beta 1 at the time of induction of the glomerular disease suppresses the increased production of extracellular matrix and dramatically attenuates histological manifestations of the disease. These results provide direct evidence for a causal role of TGF-beta 1 in the pathogenesis of the experimental disease and suggest a new approach to the therapy of glomerulonephritis.
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              Prevention and reversal of renal allograft rejection by antibody against CD45RB.

               R Zhong,  S Poppema,  G. Singh (1996)
              Rejection continues to be the single largest impediment to successful organ transplantation. Antilymphocyte globulin, which contains antibodies that react with the leukocyte common antigen known as CD45, has proved to be one of the most effective agents for preventing rejection. We have shown earlier that a monoclonal antibody directed against the RB isoform of CD45 substantially inhibits the alloreactivity of human CD4+ lymphocytes in vitro. Here we investigate whether CD45RB could be an appropriate target for preventing renal allograft rejection in mice. Mice treated with two injections of a monoclonal antibody (MB23G2) raised against CD45RB protein all survived and had normal renal function. Furthermore, this antibody reversed acute rejection when therapy was delayed until day 4, and the mice survived for their natural lifespan. The immunosuppression achieved may find application in the prevention and treatment of transplant rejection in man.

                Author and article information

                S. Karger AG
                April 1998
                26 March 1998
                : 78
                : 4
                : 453-463
                Departments of a Cell Biology, Institute of Nephrology, and b Medicine II, Niigata University School of Medicine, Niigata, Japan
                44975 Nephron 1998;78:453–463
                © 1998 S. Karger AG, Basel

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                Figures: 7, Tables: 1, References: 41, Pages: 11
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