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      Additions to the genus Chroogomphus (Boletales, Gomphidiaceae) from Pakistan

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          Abstract

          With only three published reports, the genus Chroogomphus ( Boletales , Gomphidiaceae ) is poorly studied in Pakistan. During recent sampling events in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa province, Pakistan, several collections of Chroogomphus were made, representing undescribed taxa. Based on morphological and molecular data, two new species are described: Chroogomphus pakistanicus and C. pruinosus . We present a description and illustrations for both taxa. A molecular phylogenetic reconstruction, based on the internal transcribed spacer (ITS1–5.8S–ITS2) barcode region, shows that C. pakistanicus and C. pruinosus are placed in two different subgenera of Chroogomphus ( subg. Chroogomphus and subg. Siccigomphus , respectively).

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          Most cited references 20

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          Coalescent-Based Species Delimitation Approach Uncovers High Cryptic Diversity in the Cosmopolitan Lichen-Forming Fungal Genus Protoparmelia (Lecanorales, Ascomycota)

          Species recognition in lichen-forming fungi has been a challenge because of unsettled species concepts, few taxonomically relevant traits, and limitations of traditionally used morphological and chemical characters for identifying closely related species. Here we analyze species diversity in the cosmopolitan genus Protoparmelia s.l. The ~25 described species in this group occur across diverse habitats from the boreal -arctic/alpine to the tropics, but their relationship to each other remains unexplored. In this study, we inferred the phylogeny of 18 species currently assigned to this genus based on 160 specimens and six markers: mtSSU, nuLSU, ITS, RPB1, MCM7, and TSR1. We assessed the circumscription of species-level lineages in Protoparmelia s. str. using two coalescent-based species delimitation methods – BP&P and spedeSTEM. Our results suggest the presence of a tropical and an extra-tropical lineage, and eleven previously unrecognized distinct species-level lineages in Protoparmelia s. str. Several cryptic lineages were discovered as compared to phenotype-based species delimitation. Many of the putative species are supported by geographic evidence.
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            BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT.

             T. HALLI (1999)
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              Studies on Ectomycorrhizae XXIV. Ectomycorrhizae of Chroogomphus helveticus and C. rutilus (Gomphidiaceae, Basidiomycetes) and their relationship to those of Suillus and Rhizopogon

               R Agerer (1990)
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                Author and article information

                Contributors
                Journal
                MycoKeys
                MycoKeys
                11
                urn:lsid:arphahub.com:pub:C004A564-9D6A-5F9F-B058-6A3815DFE9C3
                MycoKeys
                Pensoft Publishers
                1314-4057
                1314-4049
                2020
                30 March 2020
                : 66
                : 23-38
                Affiliations
                [1 ] Department of Botany, University of the Punjab, Quaid-e-Azam Campus, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan
                [2 ] Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Purdue University, USA
                [3 ] Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Czech Republic
                Author notes
                Corresponding author: Ammara Sattar ( ammarasattar81@ 123456gmail.com )

                Academic editor: O. Raspé

                Article
                38659
                10.3897/mycokeys.66.38659
                7136303
                Munazza Kiran, Ammara Sattar, Khushbakht Zamir, Danny Haelewaters, Abdul Nasir Khalid

                This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

                Categories
                Research Article
                Basidiomycota
                Boletales
                Gomphidiaceae
                Phylogeny
                Taxonomy
                Asia

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