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      Síndrome de Burnout em residentes multiprofissionais de uma universidade pública Translated title: Burnout syndrome in multiprofessional residents of a public university Translated title: Síndrome de Burnout en residentes multiprofesionales de una universidad pública

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          Abstract

          Os Programas de Residência Multiprofissional buscam romper com os paradigmas em relação à formação de profissionais para o Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e contribuir para qualificar os serviços de saúde a partir de ações inovadoras. Entretanto, características específicas desses programas podem agregar estressores aos residentes e, levarem à Sídrome de Burnout. Dessa forma, verificou-se a ocorrência da Síndrome de Burnout nos Residentes Multiprofissionais da Universidade Federal de Santa Maria. Este estudo trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal e quantitativo. Aplicaram-se um formulário de dados sociodemográficos e o Versão Human Service Survey do Marlash Burnout Inventory em 37 residentes, entre abril e junho de 2011. Observou-se que 37,84% apresentaram Alta Exaustão Emocional; 43,24%, Alta Despersonalização; e 48,65%, Baixa Realização Profissional. Na associação dos domínios, verificou-se que 27% apresentaram indicativo para Síndrome de Burnout. Os residentes pesquisados estão expostos aos estressores da profissão e da formação, o que pode favorecer a ocorrência da síndrome nesses profissionais.

          Translated abstract

          The multiprofessional residency programs seek to break paradigms regarding the education and training of professionals for the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS) and contribute to qualify health services by promoting innovative strategies. However, specific features of these programs can add stress to residents and lead to the Burnout Syndrome. Therefore, we assessed the occurrence of burnout syndrome among the multiprofessional residents at the Federal University of Santa Maria. This is a descriptive, cross-sectional and quantitative study. A sociodemographic data form and the Version Human Service Survey of Marlash Burnout Inventort were administered to 37 residents between April and June of 2011. It was observed that 37.84% presented with High Emotional Stress, 43.24% with High Depersonalization and 48.65% with Low Professional Fulfillment. In terms of the association between domains, it was found that 27% of the residents presented with signs of Burnout Syndrome. The studied residents will be exposed to the stressors of the profession and education/training, which may favor the occurrence of the syndrome in these professionals.

          Translated abstract

          Los Programas de Residencia Multiprofesional buscan romper los paradigmas relativos a la formación de profesionales para el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS) y contribuir a calificar los servicios de salud con acciones innovadoras. Sin embargo, las características específicas de estos programas se pueden añadir estrés a los residentes y llevar a la Síndrome Burnout. Se verificó la presencia de Síndrome de Burnout en los Residentes Multiprofesionales de la Universidad Federal de Santa Maria. Estudio descriptivo, transversal, cuantitativo. Se aplicó un formulario de datos sociodemográficos y el Versión Human Service Survey del Marlash Burnout Inventory a 37 residentes de abril a junio de 2011. Se observó que 37,84% presentaba Alto Agotamiento Emocional, 43,4% Alta Despersonalización y 48,65% Baja Realización Profesional. En la asociación de dominios, se verificó que 27% presentaba indicativo de Síndrome de Burnout. Los residentes investigados están expuestos a los estresores de la profesión y de la formación, lo cual puede favorecer la aparición del síndrome entre ellos.

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          Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout, and job dissatisfaction.

          The worsening hospital nurse shortage and recent California legislation mandating minimum hospital patient-to-nurse ratios demand an understanding of how nurse staffing levels affect patient outcomes and nurse retention in hospital practice. To determine the association between the patient-to-nurse ratio and patient mortality, failure-to-rescue (deaths following complications) among surgical patients, and factors related to nurse retention. Cross-sectional analyses of linked data from 10 184 staff nurses surveyed, 232 342 general, orthopedic, and vascular surgery patients discharged from the hospital between April 1, 1998, and November 30, 1999, and administrative data from 168 nonfederal adult general hospitals in Pennsylvania. Risk-adjusted patient mortality and failure-to-rescue within 30 days of admission, and nurse-reported job dissatisfaction and job-related burnout. After adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics (size, teaching status, and technology), each additional patient per nurse was associated with a 7% (odds ratio [OR], 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.12) increase in the likelihood of dying within 30 days of admission and a 7% (OR, 1.07; 95% CI, 1.02-1.11) increase in the odds of failure-to-rescue. After adjusting for nurse and hospital characteristics, each additional patient per nurse was associated with a 23% (OR, 1.23; 95% CI, 1.13-1.34) increase in the odds of burnout and a 15% (OR, 1.15; 95% CI, 1.07-1.25) increase in the odds of job dissatisfaction. In hospitals with high patient-to-nurse ratios, surgical patients experience higher risk-adjusted 30-day mortality and failure-to-rescue rates, and nurses are more likely to experience burnout and job dissatisfaction.
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            Resolução n: 196, 10 de outubro de 1996. Dispõe sobre diretrizes e normas regulamentadoras de pesquisas envolvendo seres humanos

            (1996)
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              Influencia del género sobre el proceso de desarrollo del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo (Burnout) en profesionales de enfermería

              El objetivo de este estudio es analizar si el género establece diferencias significativas en los niveles y en el proceso del síndrome de quemarse por el trabajo. Los resultados obtenidos indican que los hombres (N = 72) puntúan significativamente más alto que las mujeres (N = 258) en despersonalización. En la muestra de hombres la realización personal en el trabajo no resultó un predictor significativo de despersonalización. En la muestra de mujeres el agotamiento emocional no predijo significativamente la inclinación al absentismo. Se concluye sobre la importancia de que los gestores de personal en sanidad tengan presente la diferencia de género.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                reeusp
                Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP
                Rev. esc. enferm. USP
                Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem (São Paulo, SP, Brazil )
                0080-6234
                1980-220X
                December 2012
                : 46
                : 6
                : 1477-1483
                Affiliations
                [02] Santa Maria RS orgnameUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria Brasil lflopes67@ 123456yahoo.com.br
                [01] Santa Maria RS orgnameUniversidade Federal de Santa Maria Brasil lguido344@ 123456gmail.com
                Article
                S0080-62342012000600027 S0080-6234(12)04600600027
                9bc7fa1a-2e01-4f92-82e3-46396aa1e8a7

                This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

                History
                : 01 December 2011
                : 04 May 2012
                Page count
                Figures: 0, Tables: 0, Equations: 0, References: 22, Pages: 7
                Product

                SciELO Revista de Enfermagem

                Categories
                Artigo Original

                Internship and residency,Stress,Burnout, professional,Inservice training,Education, nursing,Estrés,Agotamiento profesional,Internado y residencia,Capacitación en servicio,Educación en enfermería,Estresse,Esgotamento profissional,Internato e residência,Capacitação em Serviço,Educação em enfermagem

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