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      Limitations of creatinine as a filtration marker in glomerulopathic patients

      , , ,

      Kidney International

      Springer Science and Business Media LLC

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          Abstract

          To determine the reliability of creatinine as a measure of the glomerular filtration rate (GFR), we compared the simultaneous clearance of creatinine to that of three true filtration markers of graded size in 171 patients with various glomerular diseases. Using inulin (radius [rs] = 15 A) as a reference marker, we found that the fractional clearance of 99mTc-DTPA (rs = 4 A) was 1.02 +/- 0.14, while that of a 19 A rs dextran was 0.98 +/- 0.13, with neither value differing from unity. In contrast, the fractional clearance (relative to inulin) of creatinine (rs = 3 A) exceeded unity, averaging 1.64 +/- 0.05 (P less than 0.001), but could be lowered towards unity by acute blockade of tubular creatinine secretion by IV cimetidine. Cross-sectional analysis of all 171 patients revealed fractional creatinine secretion to vary inversely with GFR. This inverse relationship was confirmed also among individual patients with either deteriorating (N = 28) or remitting (N = 26) glomerular disease, who were studied longitudinally. As a result, changes in creatinine relative to inulin clearance were blunted considerably or even imperceptible. We conclude that true filtration markers with rs less than 20 A, including inulin, are unrestricted in glomerular disease, and that creatinine is hypersecreted progressively by remnant renal tubules as the disease worsens. Accordingly, attempts to use creatinine as a marker with which to evaluate or monitor glomerulopathic patients will result in gross and unpredictable overestimates of the GFR.

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          Most cited references 7

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          Determination of Dextran with Anthrone

           T Scott,  E. H. Melvin (1953)
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            Determination of serum creatinine by a direct colorimetric method.

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              A simple method of estimating progression of chronic renal failure.

              In 31 of 34 patients with chronic renal insufficiency caused by various diseaes, reciprocal serum-creatinine concentration declined linearly as creatinine concentration rose from a mean of 2-6 mg/dl to 14-8 mg/dl over an average of 71 months. These results indicate that in most cases reciprocal serum-creatinine declines linearly with time as chronic renal failure progresses. Analysis of this relation in individual patients gives an estimate of the progression of the disease, may help to determine the effects of therapy, and could be used to predict when dialysis will become necessary.
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                Author and article information

                Journal
                Kidney International
                Kidney International
                Springer Science and Business Media LLC
                00852538
                November 1985
                November 1985
                : 28
                : 5
                : 830-838
                Article
                10.1038/ki.1985.205
                2418254
                © 1985

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