29 January 2007
Background: We examined whether vascular smooth muscle (VSMC) or endothelial cell (EC) migration from internal mammary artery (MA) differed from VSMC or EC migration from saphenous vein (SV). Methods and Results: Migration to PDGF-BB (1–10 ng/ml) was lower in VSMC from MA than SV; however, attachment, movement without chemokine, and chemokinesis were identical. Unlike VSMC, migration of EC was similar in response to several mediators. Expression of PDGF receptor-β was lower in VSMC from MA than SV, while α-receptor expression was higher. PDGF-BB-induced RhoA activity was lower in MA than SV, while basal activity was identical. Rosuvastatin and hydroxyfasudil impaired PDGF-BB-induced migration of VSMC from MA and SV. Mevalonate and geranylgeranylpyrophosphate rescued inhibition by rosuvastatin. PDGF-BB induced less stress fiber formation in VSMC from MA than SV. A dominant negative RhoA mutant inhibited stress fiber formation to PDGF-BB, while a constitutively active mutant resulted in maximal stress fiber formation in MA and SV. Rosuvastatin and hydroxyfasudil impaired PDGF-BB-induced stress fiber formation in MA and SV. Conclusions: VSMC migration to PDGF-BB is lower in MA than SV, which is at least in part related to lower activity of the Rho/ROCK pathway.