29
views
0
recommends
+1 Recommend
0 collections
    0
    shares
      • Record: found
      • Abstract: found
      • Article: not found

      Explosive-strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power

      Read this article at

      ScienceOpenPublisherPubMed
      Bookmark
          There is no author summary for this article yet. Authors can add summaries to their articles on ScienceOpen to make them more accessible to a non-specialist audience.

          Abstract

          To investigate the effects of simultaneous explosive-strength and endurance training on physical performance characteristics, 10 experimental (E) and 8 control (C) endurance athletes trained for 9 wk. The total training volume was kept the same in both groups, but 32% of training in E and 3% in C was replaced by explosive-type strength training. A 5-km time trial (5K), running economy (RE), maximal 20-m speed ( V 20 m), and 5-jump (5J) tests were measured on a track. Maximal anaerobic (MART) and aerobic treadmill running tests were used to determine maximal velocity in the MART ( V MART) and maximal oxygen uptake (V˙o 2 max). The 5K time, RE, and V MART improved ( P < 0.05) in E, but no changes were observed in C. V 20 m and 5J increased in E ( P < 0.01) and decreased in C ( P < 0.05).V˙o 2 max increased in C ( P < 0.05), but no changes were observed in E. In the pooled data, the changes in the 5K velocity during 9 wk of training correlated ( P< 0.05) with the changes in RE [O 2 uptake ( r = −0.54)] and V MART( r = 0.55). In conclusion, the present simultaneous explosive-strength and endurance training improved the 5K time in well-trained endurance athletes without changes in theirV˙o 2 max. This improvement was due to improved neuromuscular characteristics that were transferred into improved V MART and running economy.

          Related collections

          Author and article information

          Journal
          Journal of Applied Physiology
          Journal of Applied Physiology
          American Physiological Society
          8750-7587
          1522-1601
          May 01 1999
          May 01 1999
          : 86
          : 5
          : 1527-1533
          Affiliations
          [1 ]KIHU-Research Institute for Olympic Sports; and
          [2 ]Neuromuscular Research Center and Department of Biology of Physical Activity, University of Jyväskylä, SF-40700 Jyväskylä, Finland
          Article
          10.1152/jappl.1999.86.5.1527
          10233114
          4ebe495c-d88f-45e3-b86f-53c46b280fb1
          © 1999
          History

          Comments

          Comment on this article